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Moestuin

Het (moes)tuinseizoen is begonnen!

Ha lezers van mijn eerste blog. Het is halverwege maart en het tuinseizoen is begonnen. Ik ben een fanatieke moestuinierder, dus de pepers, paprika’s, aubergines en ook de tomaten staan gezaaid in bakjes binnenshuis. Uiteraard zijn er al veel meer dingen te doen en dan wil ik mijn enthousiasme vaak delen met mijn buurtgenoten. Ik woon in een groene wijk en ik zie en hoor dat velen het wel heel leuk zouden vinden om hun eigen groenten en fruit te eten, maar ik besef mij ook dat niet iedereen er zo in wil duiken zoals ik. Want wanneer zaai je het allemaal en waar en hoe. Er komt nogal wat bij kijken, al deed Albert Heijn het jaren geleden anders doen overkomen met de AH moestuintjes. 

We hebben een buren app groep, maar daarmee bereik ik ook buren die het niet leuk vinden. Ik wil vooral geen mensen “lastig” vallen, maar ik wil vooral wel mensen boeien die het leuk en interessant vinden om eens wat groenten te verbouwen in eigen tuin. Zo kwam ik op het idee van een blog. Uiteraard zal ik ook weleens schrijven over interieur, want ook daar heb ik een passie voor.

Ik neem je dus graag mee tijdens dit (moes)tuinseizoen. Het is nu halverwege maart en dan kan je al veel zaaien. Het kan heel ingewikkeld, maar ook juist heel simpel en kleinschalig. Het is ook superleuk om met kinderen te doen en zo leren ze gelijk hoe de bloempjes en de bijtjes werken en hoe alles in de supermarkt terecht komt. 

Rucola
Neem rucola, wij eten hier heel de winter al van omdat ik rucola in de kas heb staan. Lekker in salades, in de pasta (pesto) en op een boterham met (room)kaas! 
Rucola kan goed tegen wat vorst, dus je kan dit gewoon in de volle grond zaaien. Je breekt er telkens de blaadjes vanaf om te oogsten en de plant maakt nieuwe aan. Zo heb je maanden plezier van 1 keer zaaien. Zaai in rijtjes, niet te precies, gewoon een gleufje vullen met zaadjes en het komt vanzelf op. 

Spinazie
Je kan ook al spinazie zaaien. In de zomer heeft spinazie de neiging om door te schieten door de warmte en de zon. Het vroege voorjaar is dus de beste periode om spinazie te zaaien. Het werkt hetzelfde als rucola. Je hoeft dus niet te denken aan afstand tussen de zaadjes, gewoon rijtjes/gleufjes maken en vullen met zaadjes. Dat mag best dicht op elkaar.

Uien
Ik heb vandaag ook uien geplant. Ik heb in het najaar winteruien geplant en die staan nog in de tuin. Die winteruien zullen aan het begin van de zomer klaar zijn om te oogsten. Ik wil graag wat later in de zomer de volgende lading oogsten, dus ik heb gewone uien en rode uien besteld om nu in het voorjaar te planten. Het kan dus gewoon buiten, zonder kas. Heb je te weinig ruimte, dan kan je het ook in potten doen maar dan krijg je wat kleinere uitjes. Vorig jaar heb ik zowel in de volle grond en in potten geplant. 

Bedenk goed waar je ze wilt planten en wat je nog meer wilt zaaien deze zomer en maak mooie rijen. Ik doe dat vaak met een stok en ik prikte met een bollen prikker gaatjes waar ik de uitjes in kunnen. Stop ze met de platte kant in de grond en het puntje naar boven en dek af met wat grond. Ik heb ze geen water gegeven, want het gaat vanavond regenen dus dan komt dat vanzelf goed. 
Tip: Lijkt het je leuk? Bij de Groenrijk Den Bosch zag ik ze liggen op de buitenafdeling, waar je zonder afspraak een kijkje kan nemen. 

Bonen
In de kas heb ik weken geleden al verschillende boonsoorten voorgezaaid. Tuinbonen, kapucijners en sugersnaps. Ik heb jarenlang snijbonen en sperziebonen gezaaid en deze raad ik voor de beginner zeker aan. Maak een rekje van stokken om ze langs te laten groeien en dan kan je in een pot flink wat oogsten. In de volle grond worden ze heel hoog, dus als je hiervoor kiest is het belangrijk dat je een goede constructie maakt waar ze tegenaan kunnen groeien. Hele leuke groenten met veel voldoening, leuk met kinderen en prachtige bloempjes. 

Ik was deze bonen beu, dus ik probeerde vorig jaar sugersnaps. Dat was niet heel succesvol, maar ik leerde er wel van! Dat hoort ook bij moestuinieren. Dingen mislukken en dan doe je het het jaar erop weer anders/ beter. 

Wil je ook gelijk tuinbonen, kapucijners en sugersnaps proberen, maar heb je geen kas. Geen probleem! Je kan deze namelijk nu al in de volle grond zaaien. Ze kunnen wel tegen wat vorst, maar bescherm ze tegen de muisjes als ze klein zijn. Die lusten deze kleine plantjes ook heel graag. Dat is onder andere de reden dat ik in de kas voorzaai en de planten hebben dan een voorsprong dus ik zal iets sneller kunnen oogsten. Dat is voor mij belangrijk want na de oogst moeten ze plek maken voor andere groenten die ik in het najaar wil kunnen oogsten. 

Vroege aardappelen
Ik plant ook elk jaar aardappelen. Niet heel veel, want daarvoor heb je veel plek nodig en zoveel plek heb ik niet. Ik plant ze daarom in potten en zakken. Elho heeft aardappel potten, maar ik heb het ook jaren in zakken gedaan. Gewoon een lege potgrond zak binnenstebuiten draaien and you are good to go. 

Dit jaar koos ik voor vroege en middellate aardappelen. De vroege aardappelen heb ik vandaag in de potten geplant en die laat ik voorlopig in de kas staan. De middellate aardappelen plant ik eind april in zakken en die zet ik gewoon gelijk buiten. Vanaf april kan jij dus ook aardappelen planten. Je kan dit doen met aardappelen uit de supermarkt die je door laat schieten. Wel belangrijk om rekening mee te houden is dat aardappelen vatbaar zijn voor de ziekte phytophthora, een schimmelziekte die ze oplopen als ze teveel water krijgen en dan vooral in combinatie met warmte. In augustus en september is de kans op deze ziekte groter door de hoge luchtvochtigheid en warmte dus vandaar dat ik dit jaar gekozen heb voor vroege en middellate aardappelen.

Bloemen
Voorgaande jaren was ik niet zo bezig met bloemen. Ik kocht uiteraard wel bloemen, maar ik verdiepte mij er niet veel in. Tot vorig jaar. Bloemen lokken uiteraard bijen en die hebben we nodig om de groenten te bestuiven. Nu leer ik steeds meer over bloemen die ook op andere manier heel nuttig zijn in de moestuin. Afrikaantjes zijn mooie biologische bestrijders van aaltjes in de grond. Ik heb ze vorig jaar in de kas gezet bij de tomaten, maar dit jaar komen ze overal terug. Oost-Indische kers is een mooie lokker van luizen, dus de luizen gaan op de Oost-Indische kers zitten ipv op je bonen. 

Verder ben ik verliefd geworden op Dahlia’s en wat is er mooier dan je eigen bos bloemen afknippen in je achtertuin. Vandaag heb ik dus ook Lupine, Goudsbloemen, Cosmea, Amarant, Afrikaantjes en Oost-Indische Kers gezaaid in de trays in de kas. Heb je geen kas, op de vensterbank gaat dit ook prima!

Goh, ik merk dat ik hier honderduit over kan vertellen, maar het is vooral de bedoeling dat jullie het graag lezen en dat het jullie inspireert om zelf eens wat te proberen. Laat weten wat je ervan vindt en deel jouw experiment. Ik ben echt onwijs nieuwsgierig!

Liefs Silvana

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